I recently spent some time moving an ASP.NET 4.0 website from Apache (mod_mono) over to Nginx with FastCGI to take advantage of Nginx’s killer performance and low memory footprint.

After following the FastCGI Nginx guide on the mono website I was mostly up and running.  However, my app has some Page Methods I use for AJAX calls via jQuery and they were not working properly.  I was getting 405 or 500 responses from Nginx when jQuery posted to the these methods.  I came across this related article: lighttpd + Mono Asp.Net; albeit related to lighttpd it still deals with FastCGI issues.  It shed light of the fact that mono’s fastcgi-mono-server is expecting parameters to be passed in a certain format from Nginx to properly handle Page Methods.  The default fastcgi config for Nginx does not play nicely with ASP.NET Page Methods.

Then I came across this article: ASP.NET Ajax Error 405 on Nginx, which got me closer to the solution.  Although I thought this would be my fix it didn’t work when I implemented the example config and actually caused a different server error.  After some trial and error I found that the fastcgi_param PATH_TRANSLATED config line should not be included. I’m not sure why including it worked for the author of this article but perhaps he is using a different version of mono.  For the record,  I am using mono 2.10.8 with fastcgi-mono-server4 (i.e. .NET 4.0).  In the end, the following config worked for me:

location ~\.aspx(.*) {
  include fastcgi_params;
  fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+.aspx)(.*)$;
  fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
  fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
  fastcgi_index Default.aspx;

If you are using ASMX Page Methods you simply need to copy this config and change all the aspx references to asmx and it should work.